Credit and Prepaid Card News
The latest news on the credit card and prepaid card industry from the Center for Responsible Lending.
- Pesky Fees That Could Surprise You Are Out There, And They Can Add Up In a Hurry
Detroit Free Press 03 May 2012
Although most consumers are familiar with annoying fees, many of them often go unnoticed. In Michigan, for example, lenders can charge a 45-cent verification fee for each payday loan transaction verified through a state database that makes sure individual consumers do not take out too many loans at the same time. Failure to repay the loans on time also attracts fees. Payday lenders can charge a returned check fee of $26.88, regardless of whether the loan was for $100 or for $600. "People can get into trouble because this can snowball into a bigger problem," according to Lisa Ross of the Michigan Office of Financial and Insurance Regulation. Some credit unions and banks charge fees of up to $5 for mail returned from an invalid address, so consumers should promptly update their addresses if they move. When buying or selling a home, the average home inspection should run about $350 to $700, but some places will try to charge as much as $1,000. Some scams try to charge individuals $20 to claim a fake sweepstakes prize, a practice that the Federal Trade Commission is cracking down on. There are also fees associated with secured credit cards, such as for raising the credit limit or a processing fee. Consumers looking to buy a car should also watch out for inflated documentation fees.
- Credit Card Companies Still Advertise to College Students
Daily Cougar 30 Apr 2012
Although a 2009 law forbids the practice, many credit-card companies are still advertising to students under age 21, according to research by a University of Houston professor. The Credit Card Accountability Responsibility and Disclosure Act was meant to change the unfair practices of consumer credit plans. The law included a revision of the 1970 Fair Credit Reporting Act, which said credit card marketing companies could not get information on anyone under 21 from organizations providing credit reports. The bill also encourages limits on college campus promotions by card companies. UH Law Center Assistant Professor Jim Hawkins' survey of over 500 students found that 68 percent had received credit card offers in the mail within the past year. Forty percent of respondents said they had seen credit card marketing companies promoting gifts to students after the bill took effect in 2010. Hawkins looked at 300 credit card agreements between college students and credit card issuers, finding that about 64 percent had not changed since the bill was passed.
- Walmart to Allow Shoppers to Use Cash Online
WAFB Channel 9 (Baton Rouge, La.) 27 Apr 2012
Wal-Mart shoppers now have the option of using cash to buy products online. When on walmart.com, shoppers can choose the "cash" option at check-out, after which they receive an order form to take to any Walmart store. At the store, the customer makes the payment, and the order is shipped. This service may help shoppers who do not like to use their credit cards online, or for underbanked consumers who have limited access to bank services and credit cards.
- Women Pay More for Credit Cards, Study Finds
ABC News 23 Apr 2012
A FINRA Foundation study found that female borrowers on average pay a half a point higher interest rate on their credit cards than men do -- even after accounting for income level, education, and financial savvy. Additionally, the research discovered that women were five percentage points more likely to carry a credit card balance, four percentage points more likely to remit only the minimum payment, and six points more likely to incur a late fee. However, among financially literate men and women, these last three differences disappeared.
- Hawaii Files Suit Against 7 Credit Card Companies
Associated Press 13 Apr 2012
Hawaii has filed seven lawsuits against banks and credit card companies -- Bank of America, Barclays, Capital One, Chase, Citi, Discover, HSBC, and their subsidiaries -- alleging misconduct tied to payment protection programs. The policies are billed as a consumer safeguard against unauthorized charges, lost or stolen cards, and identity theft; and they also may offer benefits if the cardholder becomes disabled or unemployed. However, some borrowers enrolled in payment protection plans, including seasonal workers or those who are self-employed, are ineligible to receive the benefits; and others are signed up without their knowledge or consent. A monthly fee for the policy may be small enough to go unnoticed, according to state Attorney General David Louie. "Be careful, be aware and go scrutinize your credit card bills," he advises. "You may not notice there's these little changes, but those little changes can add up." An estimated 110,000 credit cards in Hawaii -- percent of all cards -- have protection plans, according to Rick Fried, one of the lawyers representing the state, and the fees add up to about $150 per card on average. "It's a deceptive practice," declares Louie, "because over a large number of people you can make a lot of money doing this thing. We want to make sure this is stopped." There has been a high volume of complaints about credit card payment protection plans on the mainland -- with West Virginia, New Mexico, and Minnesota -- working on related litigation, but much fewer in Hawaii. The lawsuits could increase the number of complaints, however.
- Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Wants to Reverse Ban on High Credit Card Fees
Washington Post 13 Apr 2012
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau this week proposed to roll back the ban on high credit card enrollment fees. "Fee-harvester cards," marketed to consumers with bad credit, are at the center of the issue. Along with low limits and high fees, the cards carry interest rates of up to 36 percent. Three years ago, Congress capped credit card fees at 25 percent of the card’s limit during its first year of use. For example, a card by First Premier Bank with a $300 credit limit has a $75 annual fee, which is legal. However, it also has a $95 processing fee; but the bank skirts the law by requiring consumers to pay it before opening the account. The Federal Reserve tried to extend the cap to include those kinds of charges; but when First Premier sued, the U.S. District Court in South Dakota granted the bank a preliminary injunction, keeping the rule from being applied during the legal challenge. The CFPB's proposal essentially would undo the Fed’s extension of the cap and permit First Premier's sign-up fee. Some consumer advocates are disappointed by the move, saying that the regulator appears to be avoiding a legal battle but instead should defend its regulatory authority. "The way to protect consumers is to push back when courts make mistakes," remarked Ed Mierzwinski of U.S. PIRG.
- AZ Senate Votes Down Credit Card Bill
KPHO.com 11 Apr 2012
The Arizona Senate has rejected a bill that would allow debt collectors to accuse almost anyone of owing a debt without needing to produce a contract. Sen. Ron Gould (R-Lake Havasu City) made a motion for reconsideration, which could trigger another vote soon. Sponsored by Rep. Jeff Dial (R-Chandler), HB 2664 was meant to protect credit card users -- although critics say it would allow debt buyers to target consumers who have had their debt dismissed. The measure would empower debt buyers to sue a person based on little evidence. The debt buyer could show entitlement to a money judgment by submitting either the "final billing statement" or an "electronic record." The Arizona Senate Banking and Insurance Committee originally denied the measure, but then the panel reviewed the decision and passed the bill.
- U.S. Borrowing Up but Consumers Resist Credit Cards
Fort Wayne News-Sentinel 09 Apr 2012
Americans took out more student and auto loans in February, but credit-card use declined for the second straight month. According to the Federal Reserve, consumer borrowing increased by $8.7 billion during the month -- the sixth month in a row of increases. However, credit-card borrowing fell by $2 billion after a $3-billion decline the month before. Total consumer borrowing rose to seasonally adjusted $2.52 trillion, nearly pre-recession levels. Consumers carried $799 billion in credit-card debt in February, 15 percent less than in December 2007, the first month of the recession. Some analysts say that Americans may be choosing cash over credit cards to keep paying down their debt. The saving rate fell to 3.7 percent of after-tax income in February, the lowest level since August 2009.
- Survey: Students Fail the Credit Card Test
CreditCards.com 09 Apr 2012
Credit-card debt and general financial illiteracy is an increasing problem among American college students, according to a survey conducted on 725 students by researchers from five American universities. These survey results were published as "Financial Literacy and Credit Cards: A Multi Campus Survey" to coincide with Financial Literacy Month. Researchers found that 70 percent of American college students have credit cards. The majority of card holders do not know their interest rates, late payment charges, or over-balance-limit fees. Over 90 percent of college students with credit cards are carrying monthly credit-card debt. "In America, credit cards on campus have been a disaster, leaving students buried in debt before graduation, often with little hope of paying off the debt before high fees and interest double the amount," the study authors wrote. This problem is rampant not only among college students, but across the millennial generation. In 2004, the average college student had $946 in credit-card debt, but that average increased to more than $4,100 by 2009. Only 9.4 percent of college students paid off their credit-card debt in full each month, a drop from 32 percent in 2003.
- Credit Card Companies Get Kiss From Arizona
Courthouse News Service 09 Apr 2012
Legislators in Arizona have pushed forward a bill that would allow debt collectors to declare that use of a credit card account signals acceptance of the terms of the card agreement. House Bill 2664, introduced by Rep. Jeff Dial (R-Chandler), says that a cardholder's written or electronic signature, or use of the card, establishes a "cardholder's acceptance of the terms and conditions of a credit card account." The chamber approved the bill in a 33-26 vote. If the bill becomes law, creditors essentially will be able to claim money is owed even if the debt has been dismissed or paid off. Additionally, the measure would allow creditors to create the contracted interest rate through a "billing statement" or the "terms and conditions that contain a stated or variable interest rate." Prior to the bill's passage in the House, it was rejected by the state Senate Banking and Insurance Committee. Rep. Debbie McCune Davis (D-Phoenix) said a lobbyist pushed the bill through the panel. On her Web site, McCune Davis argued that the bill "gives debt collectors the power to accuse almost anyone of owing a debt without having to show a contract. If this bill passes a debt buyer would be able to sue a person with little evidence."
- Pay by Phone: More Merchants Embrace Direct Mobile Billing
USA Today 05 Apr 2012
Direct-phone-billing payment offered by Zong, Boku, and BilltoMobile is currently accepted by hundreds of businesses, including Facebook and Zynga, in spite of the high commission rates that merchants must pay. The option is alluring to customers who do not have a credit card or who do not want to use it on a Web page or an application. However, U.S. wireless carriers limit the range of merchandise that users of direct-phone-billing payment services can buy to songs, data products, and videos. Domestic expansion will entail the companies assuaging the concerns of customers who have fallen victim to fraudulent and un-itemized billing in the past, according to mobile analyst Chetan Sharma. Another persistent issue is security anxiety from users who lose their phones, although BilltoMobile CEO Jim Greenwell says his company sees very little fraud because the payment function is cut off immediately if the phone is reported lost to the carrier. Analyst Steve Mott notes that retailers, carriers, and the direct-phone-billing companies also need to convince customers that charges will be clearly itemized and that refunds will be managed expediently. "They have to accept some sort of liability," he says. "Whether that's as good as credit cards remains to be seen."
- US Consumers Are Having an Easier Time Paying Debt
Reuters 05 Apr 2012
According to a report by the American Bankers Association, on-time repayment of debt improved on all 11 of the consumer loan categories in the final quarter of last year. The group said that delinquency rates are still high, but the fourth quarter showed significant improvement from the prior quarter in consumer's ability to make timely payments. The ABA's chief economist James Chessen said the shift is due, in part, to a higher number of Americans who are rejoining the workforce. The report found that the overall delinquency rate fell from 2.59 percent to 2.49 percent, the lowest it has been since 2004. Credit card delinquencies fell from 3.25 percent to 3.17 percent. But the banking group said the delinquency rate on mortgages is not keeping up with other forms of credit, falling from 4.12 percent to 4.08 percent. While the trend is expected to continue, the high gas prices could put a crimp in reducing American's debt obligations.
- Consumer Loan Delinquency Rates Drop Across the Board
International Business Times 05 Apr 2012
Consumer loan delinquency rates fell in all 11 categories that the American Bankers Association (ABA) tracked in the fourth quarter of 2011. This indicates that Americans are reducing private debt and stabilizing their personal finances. "It's very rare that delinquencies improve in every single loan category. The last time that happened was in the fourth quarter of 2004," ABA Chief Economist James Chessen said. Despite the declines, however, loans in certain housing categories remain high compared to historic levels. The health of the jobs market also remains poor compared to pre-recession levels, though this market has seen improvements since mid-2009. The Federal Reserve's financial obligation ratio (FOR) is also below pre-recession levels. The FOR compares obligations in debt, automobile, rental, homeowners' insurance, and property tax payments to disposable personal income; it is now at the lowest level since 1984.
- Card Rewards Programs Lose Some Luster, Survey Says
American Banker (04/04/12) Kline, Alan 04 Apr 2012
Consumers are becoming less pleased with credit cards rewards programs as stipulations such as expiration dates and spending minimums take away from the experience, based on the results of a new survey. Only about half of the estimated 1,000 consumers surveyed in February rated the value of their rewards programs as "very good" or "excellent, compared to 55 percent who did so in a similar survey just three months earlier. The share of respondents who expressed satisfaction with how quickly they can redeem rewards also declined, slipping to 47 percent from 52 percent in the November survey. The Capital One Rewards Barometer -- conducted each quarter by Capital One Financial and the consumer marketing firm BIGinsight -- additionally found that cash continues to be the No. 1 redemption choice, with those consumers applying the money toward their card balance.
- More Consumers Pay Car Loans Before Credit Card and Mortgages
USA Today 03 Apr 2012
According to a recent study by TransUnion, many consumers were more likely to pay their car loans before their credit cards and mortgage payments last year. The study of about 4 million consumers who had at least one open auto loan, bank card, and mortgage in 2011 found that approximately 39 percent were delinquent on their home loan while still making payments for their car loan and credit card. On the other side of the spectrum, just 9.5 percent of consumers were behind on their car loans while remaining current on their mortgage and charge cards. Ezra Becker, vice president of research and consulting at TransUnion, said the trend illustrates how consumers need their cars to get to their jobs or to look for employment. Additionally, experts say consumers see the value in protecting their vehicles as a positive asset, compared to a house that may have an underwater mortgage. The study also found that 17.3 percent of consumers who were behind on their credit card payments were current on their car loans and mortgages. Since the housing crisis, there has been a shift in payments, with more consumers paying off their credit cards before their mortgages.
- Oregon Court of Appeals Says Consumers With Unpaid Credit-Card Debt Are Not Off the Hook Unless Six Years Have Passed and No Lawsuits Are Filed
Oregon Live 30 Mar 2012
In a series of rulings this month, the Oregon Court of Appeals said that debt collectors can sue delinquent credit card borrowers for up to six years after card charges are incurred. The court overturned orders by two Clackamas and Washington county judges who had declared that collectors had only three years to pursue delinquent borrowers in court. The rulings will affect those who have settlement agreements with banks based in states with three-year statute of limitations on delinquent debt, including Delaware and New Hampshire. The court was asked to decide whether three Oregonians, whose unpaid card debt was sold to debt collectors, were required to pay the late payments and interest more than three years but less than six years later. The borrowers hired an attorney to argue that the three-year statute of limitations in Delaware, where the card issuer is based, had already expired. Credit card agreements said that Delaware laws applied. But the Court of Appeals said that Oregon law applies because of a provision in the federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act that says debt collectors are not allowed to sue in other states.
- Prepaid Debit Cards Booming, But Beware
Consumer Reports 29 Mar 2012
Prepaid card fees are beginning to decline, but they still are not always disclosed upfront, according to a new Consumer Reports analysis. Prepaid cards are gaining popularity with consumers who may not qualify for or feel comfortable using traditional financial services, such as bank accounts or credit cards. The cards are accepted in stores and for online payments, for direct deposits, and in ATM withdrawals. Consumer Reports found, however, that prepaids are not as protected as other debit and credit cards -- including, for example, if the card is lost or stolen. In the analysis, which included 16 major prepaid cards, Consumer Reports identified a wide variety of fees. Nine of the cards charged activation or initiation fees, 13 charged monthly fees of up to nearly $10, most charged a fee to withdraw cash from a domestic ATM, and five charged fees when cards are not used for a certain period of time.
- BET, NetSpend Join to Market Prepaid Payment Card
Huffington Post 29 Mar 2012
BET Networks is entering the growing prepaid card business by teaming up with industry leader NetSpend to offer prepaid cards to black Americans. The conglomerate began taking orders in March for its Control Prepaid MasterCard which, like others, targets people who cannot get bank accounts or who do not trust banks. About 22 percent of black households fall into this category, compared to just 3 percent for whites, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. found in a 2009 study. "Unbanked" households often use high-cost services such as payday loans and check-cashing businesses, but prepaids can help bring unbanked or underbanked spenders into the financial mainstream. "There are so many people still using check-cashing services, so many people paying exorbitant bank fees, so many people who are managing their financial affairs solely on a cash basis," noted BET President and COO Scott Mills. With the Control card, users pay $7.95 per month, $2.50 per ATM withdrawal, $1 for overspending, and 50 cents to check their account balances via telephone or ATM. Those who directly deposit at least $500 per month qualify for a lower monthly fee of $5, a high-yield checking account, and a $10 "purchase cushion" that allows users to overdraw their accounts without penalty. Because of the high fees many prepaid card companies charge, consumer groups have called on the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau to require clearer fee disclosures. The agency is taking a closer look at the prepaid card market and may review fee structures, marketing materials, and disclosures.
- TransUnion Sees Consumers Favoring Auto Payments Over Home, Credit Card
Wall Street Journal 29 Mar 2012
A TransUnion study found that mortgages --historically the debt most likely to be paid by borrowers -- are now the most vulnerable to missed payments as home prices have weakened and protecting equity through timely payments is no longer a priority. The firm looked at a sample of nearly 4 million consumers through last year, finding that only 9.5 percent of delinquent consumers had lapsed on their car payments while remaining current on their home loans and credit cards. By comparison, 17.3 percent lapsed only on their credit card, and 39.1 percent lapsed only on their mortgage. Credit card payments more recently have trumped home payments, said Ezra Becker, TransUnion vice president of financial services research and consulting, as more consumers have needed to supplement their incomes or pay for daily needs with credit. Auto loans, however, have emerged as the most protected payment, according to TransUnion executive Ezra Becker, because keeping a car in order to get to work or seek employment is a more immediate need in post-recession America.
- Prepaid Cards Set Good Example for Simpler Disclosures
US Banker (03/12) Tescher, Jennifer; Newville, David 28 Mar 2012
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) continues to tout the benefits of simplified and standardized fee disclosures for financial products. "This kind of straightforward transparency promotes more informed and more responsible decision-making by consumers across a number of financial markets," according to CFPB director Richard Cordray. But to make a lasting impact, financial providers must perceive the disclosures as more than a requirement: they must view them as an opportunity to positively influence consumers' behaviors and choices. The Center for Financial Services Innovation (CFSI) recently published recommendations for a standardized fee box for general-purpose reloadable prepaid cards. The organization recommends clear and consistent placement of disclosures, as well as thoughtful design, to encourage consumers to actually read them. The CFSI also believes simple, clear, and straightforward language is critical.